Pajamas or pyjamas, usually shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can consult with many similar types of clothing originating in the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are free-fitting garments derived from the initial garment and worn mainly for sleeping,[one] but from time to time also for lounging,[two] also by both of those sexes. Much more typically, pajamas may possibly seek advice from various clothes, for both of those daywear and nightwear, derived from common pajamas and involving variants of favor and substance.
The term pyjama [four] was borrowed c. 1800 through the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), by itself borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'. The original pyjāmā are loose, lightweight trousers fitted with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans throughout East India Business rule in India.[eight]
The worldwide usage of pajamas (the phrase plus the garment) is the result of adoption by British colonists in India inside the 18th and 19th centuries, and the British impact on the broader Western earth over the Victorian period. Pajamas were launched to England as "lounging attire" as early as the seventeenth century, then often called mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) Nonetheless they shortly fell from style. The word pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the first 50 % with the nineteenth century. They did not become a manner in Britain plus the Western planet as sleeping attire for guys right up until the Victorian time period, from about 1870.
Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Text and Phrases (1886) summarizes the condition of utilization at the time (s.v. "pyjammas"):
This kind of garment is utilized by numerous folks in India e.g. by Gals of varied classes, by Sikh men, and many by Mohammedans of each sexes. It was adopted with the Mohammedans by Europeans as an article of dishabille and of night time attire, and is synonymous with Very long Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It truly is probable that we English took the practice like a good lots of Other folks in the Portuguese. Thus Pyrard (c. 1610) claims, in speaking of Goa Healthcare facility: "Ils ont power calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The term is currently used in London stores. A pal furnishes the subsequent reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Road, some on forty several years back, in reply to an issue why pyjammas experienced ft sewn on to them (as was occasionally the situation with These furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I think, Sir, it really is due to White Ants."
Classic pajamas consist of a jacket-and-trousers mix manufactured from soft material, which include flannel or lightweight cotton.[eleven] The jacket component ordinarily includes a placket entrance and its sleeves have no cuffs.[twelve] Many people prefer to sleep or lounge in just the pajama trousers, either by using a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. For this reason, pajama pants for guys and boys are often marketed as separates.
In colloquial speech, these common pajamas are frequently termed PJs, jim jams, or jammies. In South Asia and South Africa, they are occasionally generally known as night fits.
Some pajamas aspect a drop seat (often known as a entice door or butt flap): a buttoned opening while in the seat, meant to allow the wearer to conveniently make use of a rest room. Drop seats had been quite common on pajamas built before the nineteen fifties, but from the early 20-initial century They can be alternatively rare.
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Modern day pajamas are derived from traditional pajamas. There are numerous versions in design and style such as quick sleeve pajamas,[fourteen] pajama bottoms[fifteen] of different duration, or, from time to time, one particular-piece pajamas,[seventeen] and pajamas incorporating many supplies. Chiefly while in the US, extend-knit snooze clothing with rib-knit trimmings are common. Generally worn by youngsters, these garments typically have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if a person-piece), and may also be footed.
Although pajamas are often distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping garments including nightgowns, while in the US, they have got from time to time bundled the latter as a top. Babydoll pyjamas Possess a type of brief dress best above shorts or quick pants.
Pajamas could right now confer with Girls's blend daywear, particularly in the US in which they grew to become well-known inside the More early twentieth century, consisting of quick-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and lightweight pants. Examples of these include capri pajamas, Beach front pajamas, and hostess pajamas.